Sometimes, luggage, for some reason or another, never arrives at its intended destination, or if it does, it might turn up damaged, or with some of its contents missing, or even destroyed.
If the luggage is damaged, delayed, or lost, all situations are covered by the Convention of Unification of Certain Rules for International Carriage, known as the Montreal Convention, transposed into European law by Regulation 889/2002 EUR-Lex – 32002R0889 – EN – EUR-Lex (europa.eu)
Under this Convention, Universal Air is liable for damages. The Convention sets out a maximum limit on the airline’s liability of 1,288 Special Drawing Rights (SDRs) (around €1550) per passenger in the case of luggage delays as it sets out time limits on making compensation claims.
If you notice your luggage has been damaged, you must notify in writing Universal Air as soon as possible, within 7 days. After the 7 days have passed, you are not entitled to claim compensation for your damaged luggage.
If the luggage is delayed, a complaint must be made within 21 days, in writing from the date on which the luggage has been placed at his or her disposal. If you need to buy essential items such as toiletries and clothes while waiting for your luggage to be retrieved, you must retain all receipts of your purchases to claim the expenses you have incurred.
Note: The carrier should not be held liable for damage caused by such delay if it proves that it and its servants and agents took all measures that could reasonably be required to avoid the damage or that it was impossible for it or them to take such measures.
In the case of lost checked luggage, you are entitled to compensation up to luggage value. It is considered lost if it has not arrived within 21 days after your notice, or Universal Air itself admitted that your luggage was lost. You must put forward your complaint within 7 days after the luggage has been declared lost.
If your luggage was damaged, delayed or lost, then you must take the following steps:
All the above rules relating to check in luggage do not apply to hand luggage. Hand luggage falls ultimately under your responsibility.
Keep in mind, that all items in the hand luggage will be X-Ray screened at the airport. Thus laptops, tablets or other large electrical items must be removed from hand luggage and placed in another tray together with other items such as coins, keys, mobile phones.
All cosmetics and toiletries should not exceed 100ml in volume and are placed in one standard plastic bag with a maximum volume of 1 litre. However, there is an exception for medicines, dietary liquids such as baby food when travelling with a baby or infant (0-24 months) and liquid products purchased from the airport duty–free shops.
For more information regarding Information and advice for passengers with Delayed or Lost Baggage please click here.